The environmental experts claim that the indoor air pollutants have been ranked among the top five environmental risks to public health.
This is a result of the stationary indoor environments that allow pollutants to build up and stick around in greater amounts. Working and living in places predominant with air contaminants and especially without ventilation can cause “sick building syndrome.” This condition can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, and eye, ear, and nose irritation.
By inhaling of the harmful toxins from the air people are at risk for their health to a great extent.
These air pollution problems have challenged the NASA scientists to work on understanding them and to find the most appropriate solutions. Their solution that solves many of problems mentioned is something that everyone can use – using houseplants to clean the air.
Despite being a decoration, plants in the home are incredibly beneficial, cleansing the air from molds and toxins.
NASA researchers have investigated numerous indoor plants and found which are the most effective in filtering the air. They are able to remove toxins, dust, fresh paint, and some odors from the air.
These are the six most powerful air-filtering indoor plants according to NASA:
IVY (HEDERA HELIX)
NASA experts found that this plant eliminates 58% of the waste particles and around 60% of the toxic substances in the air within 6 hours after it has been placed in the room. This plant is very easy for growing and brings a bit of the outdoors inside.
Ivy houseplants can actually be one of the several different varieties:
– English ivy (Hedera helix)
– Irish ivy (Hedera hibernica)
– Algerian ivy (Hedera canariensis)
– Japanese ivy (Hedera rhombea)
– Nepal ivy (Hedera nepalensis)
– Persian ivy (Hedera colchica)
– Russian ivy (Hedera pastuchovii)
Snake Plant (SANSEVIERIA TRIFASCIATA “LAURENTII”)
This is one of the most resistant houseplants, even though it does need to be watered occasionally. It generally prefers drier conditions and some sun to perform photosynthesis and releases much oxygen during the night, so you can keep it in the bedroom.
Pollutants removed: benzene, trichloroethylene, formaldehyde, and xylene
The Aloe Vera’s leaves contain a clear liquid full of vitamins, amino acids, enzymes, and other compounds that have wound-healing, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties. Absorbing CO2, formaldehyde and carbon monoxide and releasing oxygen are its main characteristics.
The experts claim that it is as effective as having 9 biological home air cleaners.
Ficus (FICUS ELASTICA)
It’s a hardy plant that can be between two and 10 feet tall. It is grown in bright, indirect light and allow the soil to dry out between watering. This plant can also be grown outside (in spring) and brought back indoors during the winter.
This plant is very easy to cultivate, and it effectively cleanses the air.
Pollutants removed: benzene, formaldehyde, and trichloroethylene
Peace Lilies (“MAUNA LOA” SPATHIPHYLLUM)
Peace lily belongs to relatively smaller plants on this list, but its air-cleaning abilities are enormous.
It is very easy to grow, and it will flower for much of the summer. However, everyone who is sensitive to pollen and floral scents to the air should be aware of this fact and may avoid having in a room full of them.
They should be placed in a shady spot and kept the soil moist without overwatering.
Pollutants removed: all air-borne harmful toxins and chemicals, such as ammonia, formaldehyde, benzene, and trichloroethylene.
Spider Plant (CHLOROPHYTUM COMOSUM)
They are among the easiest houseplants to grow, which makes them a great choice for beginners or forgetful owners. Spider plants need a little light (indirect sunlight), to perform photosynthesis. They will send out shoots with flowers that eventually grow into baby spider plants.
Pollutants removed: all toxins, such as styrene, gasoline, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, and xylene.
It is able to cleanse 200 m2 of space!
According to the NASA, keeping 15-19 houseplants in an area of 500 m2 will be a perfect solution, which means about 3-4 plants for an 80 m2 area. And don’t forget to always have one in the bedroom.