Many times we are curious by eating the various types of food almost every day, from where they originate. In this article we will share some information about 12 various food plants and their historical/botanical origins.
Sesame is native to tropical regions near the equator and the largest producers are India and Sudan. It is a flowering plant and one of the oldest oilseed crops known in all of humanity! It grows almost like peas, in large capsules, and is harvested for baked goods around the world.
Pistachios belong to the cashew family and is actually the seed of the tree, which comes from a beautiful flower. They originate from growing regions in the world around Middle East and the Central Asia.
This plant originated from the early Totonac people in Mexico. It has been cultivated for centuries, and when the Aztecs took over the Totonac culture, they developed a taste for the plant and called it “The black flower,” as it turns black shortly after cultivation.
The fruit originated from China, and the original name for the popular fruit was the “Chinese Gooseberry.” It grows like grapes, on vines. The fruit is now a commercially grown crop everywhere in the world.
Many people even don’t know that the peanuts are actually quite a beautiful looking flower, which are proving their edible seeds. These seeds are classified as an oil crop, as they are high in oil content. The world production of the crop is significant and in 2014 it was about 42 million tones grown and distributed.
The plant gained its name because of its origin, coming from Brussels, Belgium. They belong to the cabbage family. These pods grow upwards from the ground, which differ from the cabbage which is growing closer to the ground.
This tree is a species of tree native to the Middle East and North America. Almonds are actually fruit and seed itself grows in the fruit of the tree, called a drupe. This is a hard shell that grows around the almond. Almonds are more closely related to peaches than actual nuts.
This is an old spice that has been around for so long, and it was first recorded to be imported into Egypt as early as 2000 BC. This spice is produced from the inner bark of trees called Cinnamomum. This aromatic spice is a part of many cuisines in different cultures around the world.
Saffron is grown and is cultivated from the West of Spain all the way to the East of India and it comes from the flower “Saffron Crocus,” which is carefully harvested by hand. For that reason this spice is so expensive!
The cashew tree is a tropical evergreen tree that can grow as high as 14 m. This species is originally native to northeastern Brazil. This tree produces large cashew apples and cashew seeds. People are enjoying the benefits not only of the cashew nuts, but of the cashew apple too, which are used for making a sweet fruit drink or even liquor!
This product of the nature has been around since the earliest record histories. It is believed that the Oromo people in Kaffa in Ethiopia were first to recognize the caffeine effects in the plant. Coffee is harvested from the cherry of a Coffea plant, where the coffee bean is harvested from the inside. The process continues later by roasting the coffee bean to make your familiar cup of coffee to enjoy.
The growing regions for coffee are Latin America, Africa, and the Asia-Pacific regions, mostly the plant grows closest to the earth’s equator.
Cacao tree (Theobroma cacao) is native to the deep tropical region of the Americas. We would like to point off the difference between cacao and cocoa, and explain that cacao is the bean, while the cocoa is the product that is made from it. Cocoa trees need to grow in hot and damp climates (in the latitudes 20° North and 20° South of the Equator).
It is also interesting to mention that every stage of cocoa production is done by hand: planting, irrigating, harvesting, fermenting and drying, which is why fine chocolate justifies its price.